Believed by muslims to be the final and latest testament or revelation from god, after the gospel, pslams as well as torah.
The quran confirms what cane before it.
He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. Quran (3:3)
The quran is a guidance and a manual in how to become muslim ( a submiter/ one who submits). The quran is meant to be recited in repetition or continued form, as its name says. Quran is an arabic word which linguistically translates to recitation or recite). So when ever you say quran, what you are actually saying is recitation. Denoting the consistence and continued rabbit of reciting the words of god and being reminded of the commands as well as guidance.
The idea of recitation is so that we memorize the words of god and revelation in our hearts, which eventually do not leave us. We can always remember them even if the physical book was burnt or destroyed, living in in the hearts of those who submit and believers.
The Qurʾān is markedly shorter than even the new testement, let alone the hebrew bible. It is subdivided into 114 chapterlike units called “sūrahs,” a word used within the Qurʾān to designate revelatory passages of an unspecific length (e.g., 9:64). With the exception of the short opening sūrah, recited during each of the five daily Islamic prayers, the sūrahs are ordered roughly according to decreasing length, although this general rule is frequently interrupted.
The quran originally started as words inscribed in percents, bones and dried leaves. It is not until the prophet pbuh passed away, that the Qur’an was first compiled into a book format by Abu bakr (Abdullah bin Quhafa, the first kalif and father in law to the prophet pbuh.
As the Islamic Empire began to grow, and differing recitations were heard in far areas, the consonantal skeleton of the Quran was recompiled for uniformity in recitation under the direction of the third caliph — Uthman bin Affan. For this reason, the Qur’an as it exists today is also known as the Uthmanic codex
The quran can be recited in any language but it is preferable to recite in Arabic for proper connotations and presentation, how recite or read in another language to understand the meaning.
Reciting in arabic, gives it its respect on reading or reciting it in its poetic form. And is also believed to have positive affects spiritually, mentally and possibly physically.